Class War

Language
English

The Spanish Revolution

Submitted by hadrian on Tue, 07/19/2016 - 16:55

Introductie

In Gaston Leval's words, "it succeeded in achieving, in many cases completely, the finest ideal conceived by the human mind and this will be its permanent glory." It had already been an eventful week, eighty years ago, when a radio-station had been occupied for a short time by fascists on the 11th of July. A day later, the fascists shot a socialist assault guard lieutenant which was avenged by some of his comrades who 'arrested' the leader of the parliamentary right-wing. However, they were friendly enough to deliver his corpse to the cemetary (Murray Bookchin, The Spanish Anarchists: The Heroic Years 1868-1936). The army had already, by that time, been planning a coup for several months. When the government was informed about these plans they merely replied by reiterating their faith in the military power of the government (Bookchin). A strange reaction, when that same military power was planning the coup.

On the 18th of July the generals issued a pronunciamento in which they declared they had taken power. Throughout Spain, soldiers began crawling out of their barracks and started to occupy strategic places. The CNT and FAI militants were well aware of the likely repercussions of a military take-over and had long since begun preparations to resist. In Barcelona, at the center of Spain's most important industrial region, the soldiers were greeted by the worker's bullets. The rebels were defeated in Barcelona, the North of Basque, Madrid, a significant area of the south of Spain, and one of the Balearic islands. A heroic but too often forgotten struggle that lasted more than two years ensued. However, this wasn't just a war between competing power-hungry dictators. The Spanish Civil War was also a struggle by workers who defended themselves and, in the rearguard, tried to build a new world.

Was it Fake?

Submitted by hadrian on Sat, 07/16/2016 - 18:41

Introduction

Another major world event has been able to gain our attention. Some saw a shining ray of hope in the attempted coup in Turkey, the Black Rose federation quickly showed the eery similarities between Erdogan and the army. The reports we've had over the years from Turkey - filtered by a media that is alternately very negative or positive towards this country, depending on the necessities of Western politics - give us few reasons to be hopeful. After several hours the coup was reported to have failed and Erdogan - who is now likely to become a sort of folk-hero who defeated the army - was able to return to Istanbul triumphantly. Some in the Turkish government have already started talking about re-introducing the death penalty (Dutch link) and Erdogan seems to be following Stalin's example from the 1930s.

Every time some world event like this happens some immediately try to blame a multitude of different actors. Within an hour, a rumour spread that the coup was staged by Erdogan to allow him to relegitimize himself and his reign of terror. Another theory claims he already knew about the coup but allowed it to continue nonetheless. Others put the blame on the usual suspects: CIA, Mossad, Zionists, the New World Order, and so forth. This strategy of pointing fingers has become common-place and expected at every major world event from Daesh bombings, to the attack on the twin towers, to this coup. It's time to stop this behaviour and look at solutions instead.